There are a number of reasons why a tooth may need to be extracted. Some of the most common reasons include:
- Severe gum disease (periodontal disease): If gum disease is left untreated, the more aggressive form called periodontal disease can occur. This causes the bone surrounding the teeth to become infected, resulting in loosening of the teeth, which may eventually need to be extracted.
- Tooth decay: If a tooth has a large cavity that has reached the nerve of the tooth causing a painful abscess, extraction can be an option.
- A broken tooth: If a tooth is badly broken and little of the tooth structure remains an extraction may be the only option.
- Wisdom tooth problems: If there is not enough space in for wisdom teeth they may become impacted. These can often cause recurrent pain and infections.
- Crowded teeth: Orthodontic treatment may involve extractions. Sometimes teeth will need to be removed to create space for the remaining teeth to be straightened.
Teeth extraction is usually the last resort as it can lead to additional complications. Once a tooth is removed, the other teeth can shift to compensate for the missing tooth, causing problems with oral health and hygiene.
We try to avoid tooth extractions unless completely necessary and if no other alternatives are suitable. Once a tooth has been removed, we can provide you with the treatment options available for replacing the lost tooth. This may include options such as implants, fixed bridges or dentures.
Any surgical or invasive procedure carries risks. Before proceeding, you should seek a second opinion from an appropriately qualified health practitioner.